Academic Journal of Modern Philology vol. 4 (2015)
Andrei A. Avram
University of Bucharest, Romania
Romanian and Japanese Name Truncations.
This paper looks into the structural properties of both Romanian and Japanese truncated names. Name truncation is considered to be a word-formation process and is analyzed from the perspective of Prosodic Morphology (McCarthy & Prince 1995, 1998; Booij 2005; Downing 2006). A contrastive analysis of the morphological and phonological structure of truncated names in both Romanian and Japanese shows that they are subject to strict prosodic requirements. Thus, linguistically significant generalizations and constraints on the makeup of truncated names can only be formulated in terms of moras, syllables and feet. Also discussed is the relation between name truncation and prosodic minimality in the two languages.
Keywords: name truncation, syllable, bimoraic foot, prosodic minimality, derived word.